60.1% of the classrooms also have Interactive Digital Systems (SDI), such as Interactive Digital Whiteboards, multi-touch tables, interactive panels or interactive TV.
The data collected by the MEFP in collaboration with the Autonomous Communities show the progress of educational centers in the field of Information and Communication Technologies.
Connectivity in the regular classrooms increased 2.2 points compared to the 2016-2017 academic year -an object of the previous statistic-, reaching 96.8% in the 2018-2019 academic year.
The greatest increase is observed in public primary schools, which go from 93.2% to 96.2%, while the highest percentage of connected classrooms corresponds to private centers (97.4%) and public secondary schools ( 97.1%). By Autonomous Community, the Valencian Community has full connectivity (99.9%), followed by Ceuta (99.0%) and the Canary Islands (98.8%), while at the other extreme is Aragon (84%), the only one community that is below 90%.
Bandwidth also improved significantly in that period: 76.4% of centers had connections greater than 20 Mb in 2018-2019, triple that of 2015. The percentage of centers with bandwidth greater than 100 Mb represented 27.4%.
More computer equipment and interactive systems
The number of students per computer equipment for teaching and learning tasks in the classroom stood at 2.9 students per device in 2018-2019, one tenth less than two years ago. In the case of public centers this figure stands at 2.7 and in private centers at 3.2. Considering the size of the municipality, the indicator varies between 1.5 in the smallest municipalities and 3.5 in the most populated.
Of the equipment available in schools, mobile devices (laptops and tablets) represent half (50%). It is also observed that the percentage of computers – both desktops and laptops – decreases, while the percentage of tablets increases progressively, especially in primary and private centers.
Apart from computers, educational centers have Interactive Digital Systems (SDI), including Interactive Digital Boards (PDI), multi-touch tables, interactive panels, interactive TVs, etc. The percentage of regular classrooms that have SDI amounts to 60.1% of the centers (58.2% in public centers and 65.2% in private centers). In the case of public centers, these systems are more present in those of Primary Education (64.6%), than in those of Secondary and FP (49.1%).
Interactive and participatory centers
Most of the educational centers in Spain have a website (89%), although it is more frequent in the case of public Secondary and FP centers (96.6%) and in private ones (96.1%).
Virtual Learning Environments (VAS) are less common and only 44.5% of centers have one. However, this percentage rises to 74.3% in public Secondary and FP centers.
The availability of cloud services, whose main utility is the storage of data or information accessible from anywhere through an internet connection, reaches 58.7% of the centers, with a higher penetration in private centers (71 , 3%) and in public Secondary and FP centers (69.4%).
The report also analyzes the participation of the centers in projects, calls and experiences related to the use of educational technologies. In the 2018-2019 academic year, 37.5% of the centers had intervened in experiences of this type at the regional, national or international level. By Autonomous Community, Castilla y León (64.1%), La Rioja (62.9) and Ceuta (62.1%) stand out, while the Valencian Community (7.3%), Andalusia (30.3%) and Castilla-La Mancha (30.8%) present the lowest figures.
Finally, the statistics indicate a disparate use of mobile phones for educational purposes in the classroom. 43% of the centers allow it for ESO students; 51.3% for high school students; 41.7% for Basic FP; 53.5% for those with a Medium Degree and 58.6% for those with a Higher Degree. By territories there is great variability: from 8.3% for ESO in Ceuta, to 100% for Higher Education in Melilla.