In the last citrus campaign more than half a million Valencian oranges and mandarins remained in the trees due to the flooding of the market and the absolute collapse of prices

Castellón, February 13, 2020. Our deputy for Castellón, Alberto Asarta, has presented in Congress a Proposal No of Law (NLP) together with Deputy Macarena Olona to urge the Government of Pedro Sánchez to protect our citrus and olive groves against the unfair competition of the countries outside the European Union that are ruining our farmers. And it is that the international trade agreements that the EU has signed with third countries is causing a very damaging impact on Spanish agriculture and more specifically on citrus and olive groves in the province of Castellón.

Thus, in the text, Asarta urges the Government to demand from the European authorities the necessary application of the Principle of Community Preference in all trade agreements that affect us to defend our agriculture and establish quotas for countries outside the European Union. volume to avoid oversupply, compensatory tariffs and windows that respect our European agricultural campaigns.

In addition, he asks Pedro Sánchez to require the EU to apply sanitary control protocols that guarantee that the imported product is free of pathogens and pests, as well as that products containing principles residues are not allowed into Europe assets (phytosanitary) whose use is prohibited here in the European Union.

Asarta requests through this NLP a serious and independent monitoring of the impact on the market of imports from third countries, for the application, in time, of the safeguard provided for in the Treaties that must be requested with sufficient time to produce damages , as well as requiring the European Commission to urgently review the Treaties mentioned in the exhibition to negotiate the extraction of those agricultural products, which, according to the impact study, show that they are being harmed by the importation of those third countries.

The text concludes with the request to compensate, while the International Agreements are renegotiated, with European funds of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) the damage caused to European production and not to ratify Mercosur (Southern Common Market composed of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay , Uruguay, Venezuela and Bolivia) with the current wording, since citrus fruits and their industrial transformations (such as juices) must come out of the agreement or appear as sensitive products and have limited quotas that do not harm Europe's productions .

Free Trade and abandonment of the countryside or ruin

Alberto Asarta, VOX deputy, delves into the document presented at the Congress in which the countries in which the Free Trade agreements have been signed with the EU have very low production costs compared to the costs generated in Spain : Salaries in these countries are very low (South Africa 221 euros per month; Morocco 209 euros per month; Egypt 84 euros per month; Brazil 240 euros per month; Argentina 264 euros per month; Uruguay 308 euros per month … The agricultural salary in Morocco is 0.65 and 0.75 cents per hour). In addition, these countries play with their currency devaluing it and have very low taxes and lax or non-existent phytosanitary legislation.

All this, according to the NLP presented by VOX and signed by Asarta and Olona, ​​has some dire consequences for the Spanish farmer:

  1. It does not benefit local agriculture, but quite the opposite, to the large speculative and multinational agrifood funds that have acquired or rented large areas of land.
  1. European Market Flood on the part of these non-EU countries of the same agricultural products that we produce here, which causes prices to collapse even below production costs. (In the 2018/2019 campaign, more than half a million tons of citrus fruits were left unharvested in the trees and the prices of oranges and tangerines ranged between 5 and 15 cents when production costs were 15 cents for the orange and 20 cents for the mandarins). In this campaign the problem is happening with all kinds of fruit, vegetables and oil.
  1. The ruined farmers are leaving the field. A farmland that becomes abandoned land.
  1. National food sovereignty is being lost; Food cannot be in the hands of foreign countries.
  1. The EU does not require phytosanitary reciprocity. Phytosanitary banned in Europe is used in these countries outside the EU, either because they are Harmful to the environment or to people's health. But, the EU allows the entry of these products so it is threatening the health of Europeans and Spaniards.
  1. It is producing a great unnecessary environmental damage, since they are being transported from thousands of kilometers with ships and transport of ultra-polluting goods food that we produce here in Europe. Given the impossibility of competing, our farmers pluck the trees. Some trees necessary to renew the air and conserve the environment. As a guideline: the 15 largest ships in the world pollute as much as 760 million vehicles.
  1. Introduction of endemic pests through products outside the EU, for which there is no biological control agent in Europe that can control them.
  1. Indirectly, it is complicit in labor exploitation, child exploitation, the lack of rights of all kinds and tax fraud, since the large multinational agrifood companies, usually European, grow in these third countries with these practices and then sell in Europe avoiding production taxes.

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