Studying computer science or some engineering offers more possibilities of having a job in the fourth year of finishing the degree. This is one of the conclusions that can be drawn from the report 'Job placement of university graduates – Course 2013-2014', published by the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities.
This report, the second that is published of this type, performs an analysis of the employability of university graduates during the four years following completion of their studies.
According to the report, by field of study, 84.6% of the students who finished Computing in the 2013-2014 academic year were affiliated with the Social Security in 2018, four years after finishing their studies. Engineering students also exceed 80% of Social Security enrollment in that period. On the other hand, students of Law (55.7%) and Humanities (57.6%) have the fewest affiliations registered in the fourth year of finishing their studies.
Unlike the previous one, this report disaggregates the data by sex. The women graduates were the majority during the 2013-2014 academic year, reaching 58.5% of the total. However, the differences in engineering studies are still huge in favor of men, since women only represent 24.9% of graduates in this branch.
This is the second published report of this type, after 2015. The objective of the General Secretariat of Universities is to carry it out annually and to provide the Public Administrations and the educational community with accurate and contrasted information on employment, employability and the labor insertion of university graduates. This information will allow adequate planning of university policies and the actions to be implemented. Currently, the institutional collaboration with the Tax Agency is being negotiated to improve the quality of statistics by adding new updated data.
The published document offers data on the employment status of university graduates affiliated with Social Security and their evolution in the labor market, taking into account classification variables such as public versus private universities, teaching branches, field and field of study, among others. The publication includes the following indicators: affiliation rate, percentage of freelancers, type of contract, type of working day, contribution group and annual Social Security contribution base.
In order to carry out this report, two main sources of information have been analyzed, such as the Integrated University Information System (SIIU), which is managed by the General Secretariat of Universities of the Ministry with the collaboration of all the universities and the Autonomous Communities, and the working life of the members of the Social Security of the Ministry of Labor, Migrations and Social Security.