The Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda starts the process of public information for the modification of the Law of the Railway Sector

In the area of ​​urban and peri-urban transport, the Order establishes that state-owned commuter rail services will gradually increase their offer until they recover 100% of the services, and must also take into account the need to adjust the supply of services to the foreseeable demand and strive for the maximum possible separation between passengers.

On the other hand, the Order TMA / 384/2020, of May 3, is modified in relation to the occupation criteria for land transport. The Order published today states that private tourism vehicles may travel as many people as there are seats in the vehicle, provided that all reside at the same address, in which case the use of a mask will not be necessary. This same criterion will be applied for the complementary private transport carried out in tourism vehicles.

In both cases, if not all people live at the same address, two people may move for each row of seats, provided they use a mask and respect the maximum possible distance between the occupants.

This possibility extends to other vehicles that have only one row of seats, such as cabins for heavy vehicles, vans or similar, in which two people can travel as long as they use the corresponding mask and keep the maximum possible distance. Otherwise, only the driver may travel.

On the other hand, in public passenger transport carried out in tourist vehicles, that is, taxi and VTC, two people may move for each row of seats, except for the driver, where only the same will travel. If all users live together at the same address, three people can go for each additional row of seats to that of the driver.

Bus and rail transportation

In the case of bus and rail transport, two different cases are distinguished:

  • In vehicles or wagons in which all occupants must be seated, the operator will limit the total occupation of seats so that passengers have an adjoining empty seat that separates them from any other passenger. However, the operator may place people traveling together and living at the same address in adjacent seats, which may result in a higher occupation. In any case, on buses the row after the driver's seat will always be kept empty.
  • In the event that there is also the possibility of transporting standing passengers, two passengers per square meter in these areas and 50% of the available seats are maintained as an occupation reference.

Motorcycles and mopeds

The Order also regulates the conditions of displacement in motorcycles, mopeds and category L vehicles in general, which are provided with two approved seats (driver and passenger).

In these vehicles, two people may travel as long as they wear an integral helmet with a visor, or wear a mask if this type of helmet is not used, or reside at the same address.

The use of gloves by driver and passenger will also be mandatory in the case of shared motorcycles and mopeds.

Air and sea transport in the Balearic and Canary archipelagos.

On the other hand, in the archipelagos of the Balearic and Canary Islands, the measures that regulate the mobility of people between the islands are established when moving to Phase I, in air and sea transport, determined in coordination with the respective Autonomous Communities. In the Balearic Islands, in addition, maritime transport with the peninsula is made more flexible.

Marine transport

In the Balearic Islands, passenger and vehicle traffic between the peninsula and the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands are reestablished, and these traffics are also allowed on the inter-island maritime lines. In the inter-island maritime line between Eivissa and Formentera it is established in the provision of three daily frequencies per direction

In the Canary Islands, the prohibition of disembarking passengers from ro-ro passenger ships and passenger ships that provide regular services on the maritime lines between the peninsula and the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands is maintained, with the exception of drivers of the tractor units of the rolled merchandise.

In the case of inter-island connections, both Autonomous Communities are empowered to establish the conditions for the provision of these services and to modify the number of frequencies.

On the other hand, ships and boats used for recreational or sports purposes are allowed to navigate between ports or coastal points of the same municipality and nearby uninhabited islands. In the case of the Canary Islands, this possibility extends to those dedicated to the tourist transport of passengers, who are not cruise-type passenger ships, and to those destined for practical training activities and training courses; and in the Balearic Islands only the private use of boats for sports or recreational activities is allowed.

Air Transport

In the case of the Canarian and Balearic archipelagoes, restrictions are lifted to carry out regular commercial air operations between the islands, maintaining those relating to connections between the peninsula and the aforementioned Autonomous Communities

In the case of connections between the islands of the archipelagos, the order includes the reference rates to be applied for each of the routes, as well as the minimum essential daily services on these routes, established for the alarm period.

It is also determined that operators must guarantee, through the procedure they deem most appropriate, the maximum possible separation between passengers. To this end, the order states that it will be considered sufficient to offer the public only 50% of the aircraft's capacity.

Finally, and at the national level, the conditions for the exercise of navigation and aeronautical recreational and sports activities are also regulated, both in territories that remain in phase 0 and those that reach phase I.

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