In the 2018-2019 academic year, a total of 8,217,330 students have enrolled in non-university general education courses, which include Early Childhood Education, Primary Education, Special Education, Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO), Baccalaureate, Vocational Training and other programs formative The figure represents an increase of 37,621 students (0.5%) compared to the previous year.
This is clear from the Statistics of Non-university Teachings. Data Advance 2018-2019 published today by the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training. The study reveals that 67.1% of the total students studied in public schools, up to 5,515,197 students, 0.3% more than in the previous year.
Schooling in Early Childhood Education shows a decrease with respect to the 2017-2018 academic year, as a result of the fall in the birth rate since 2009. In the first cycle, it decreased by 3,084 students and in the second, it decreased by 17,376 students.
On the contrary, in Compulsory Secondary Education, the student body continued to grow up to 1,975,358 students, 44,529 more than in the 2017-2018 school year.
This increase is explained by the increase in the birth rate that occurred in the first years of this century. In Bachillerato, however, the downward trend continued, with 5,367 students less in attendance and 3,765 in distance learning, up to 667,426 students in both education regimes.
Increase more than 3% enrolled in FP
Regarding Vocational Training, the statistics reflect an increase in enrollment at all levels, both in attendance and distance, reaching a total of 838,764 students, representing an increase of more than 3% over the previous year .
In FP Basic, the increase was of 3.1%, thus reaching the 74,009 enrolled. In the Middle Grade, the increase was 2.1%, adding 350,820 students, and as for the students of the Higher Degree of Vocational Training, the one with the highest promotion, rose by 4.1%, to 413,935 students enrolled.
Descend the ratios in ESO and Bachillerato
In the 2018-2019 academic year, a total of 28,495 centers of general non-university education have taught classes, 118 more than in the previous year. Of these, 19,093 are public and 9,402 are private, being the Primary Education the most numerous, with 10,291 centers.
Considering the average number of students per classroom, in the second cycle of Early Childhood Education and Primary Education, it stood at 20.7 and 21.9, respectively, a value close to that of Middle Grade FP cycles, 19.4, and of Higher Degree, 20.7.
The ratios were higher in the teachings of ESO, standing at 25.3, and in Bachillerato, at 26.1. In the case of public schools, there was a decrease of two tenths, compared to the previous year, in these studies. On the other hand, the lowest were registered in the first cycle of Early Childhood Education (12.4), Basic Vocational Training cycles (12.5), other training programs (11.9) and, especially, in the Special Specific School ( 5.2).
The number of teachers grows
Regarding the teaching staff of the non-university general regime, the teachers totaled 712,181 professionals, 11,248 more than in the previous year. The most numerous was that of Secondary Education and FP centers with 248,800, a figure similar to that of Primary Education.
The statistics also reveal data on the special regime teachings that were taught in a total of 2,106 centers. This figure supposes 36 more than in the course 2017-2018, of which eight are Official Schools of Languages and 18 are centers of Sports Teaching. The student body rose to 798,620, enrolled mostly in Official Language Schools and in Music education.
The number of students who do not have Spanish nationality amounted to 797,618 students, which indicates 47,622 more students than in the previous year, thus continuing with the increase started in the 2016-2017 academic year. The largest student body comes from Europe (33.2%), along with that of Africa (30.3%), which was above that of Central and South America (24.5%).