"Peace has to be a path and an objective. There is no lasting peace in the world, as there is not in our country, without committed women and as protagonists. And in that commitment to peace, no one can exclude himself or herself. be excluded, "he stressed.

After shelling the keys of the Resolution 1325 of the UN Security Council, Robles has highlighted the role of women as "leaders in peace processes" and has warned that if these processes are not carried out by women, "we will fail, and we will continue to fail."

The minister has stressed that women "are the main victims" of latent conflicts in the world, "double victims" both for the war itself and for the sexual violence to which they are exposed.

"Sexual violence is used as a weapon as lethal as a nuclear weapon can be because girls and women in countries in conflict are raped and harassed, and do so without resistance and with some complicity from the international community," he said. .

In this context, Robles wanted to highlight the role of men and women in the Armed forces in these conflicts abroad, which have been participating in missions for 30 years to comply with United Nations Charter and that establishes priorities as security, freedom and peace in the world.

"More than 188,000 men and women of the Armed Forces have participated in peace missions in the world in the last 30 years, of which 186 have died. Currently, there are 3,000 men and women participating in 20 missions in the world with the commitment and values ​​of fighting for peace and freedom, "said the head of Defense functions.
Of those 3,000 people, 200 are women "who represent 6% of the total peace quotas," said Robles.

In this regard, he reiterated that Spain and its Armed Forces are absolutely involved in the defense of peace, security and freedom in the world and that one of the priorities of its Department is to incorporate more women into the Armed Forces.

"Only women can get us to have a lasting peace in the world. If women do not intervene as mediators in episodes of violence and in negotiation processes, there will be no peace. Women in those conflicts are the ones who transmit values ​​and move the way forward. of peace, "said the head of Defense.

Robles has reiterated the "clear and unequivocal" commitment of his Ministry with women and has requested the commitment of civil society to fight for peace, since we "cannot remain insensitive to violence in the world."

"Women are not going to accept any setbacks in terms of gender violence and we are not going to give in. We will continue to demand United Nations that he commits himself in the fight for peace and to strengthen the role of women, "he said.

For his part, the Secretary General of Defense Policy, Juan Francisco Martínez Núñez, stressed that "Spain is a leader in the EU in training in a gender perspective in international missions and we are the country that insists on promoting the Women, Peace and Security Agenda ".

In addition, he pointed out that the female presence in peace missions is the "seed of change", since "only women can transmit and listen" in conflicts.

The Conference 'Women, Peace and Security', organized by the association THRibune and the Camilo José Cela University Foundation, It has valued the role of women in military conflicts and their consequences, in addition to addressing the reasons why women's participation in peace processes allows for more lasting agreements.

United Nations Resolution 1325, adopted by the Security Council in 2000, urges member states to promote the representation of women at all levels of decision-making related to conflict prevention, management and resolution, negotiations of peace and peace missions on the ground. The gender perspective has proven to be an essential element for international peace and security.

In addition, the resolution invites to incorporate a gender perspective that takes into account the needs of women and girls during the phases of prevention, conflict and post-conflict, as well as the full respect of women in the face of violence due to gender.

The Conference 'Women, Peace and Security' has brought together national and international experts in this area. The rector of the Camilo José Cela University, Emilio Lora-Tamayo, participated; the president of THRibune (Tribune of Human Rights), Cruz Sánchez de Lara; the professor of Criminology and Security of the Camilo José Cela University, Elvira Cabrera; and the head of the Women's Rights program of Alliance for Solidarity, María Salvador, among others.

The debate has concluded with the conference of the teacher of the Kenyan refugee camp Elisabeth Kitulo, in which she has detailed the actions that have been put in place so that women have an active role in resolving conflicts.

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