Social Security registered an average of 2,073,929 foreign workers in March, with a decrease of 43,724 employed persons compared to February. It should be noted that the impact of the coronavirus pandemic in that month begins to noticeably start from day 12, so the average affiliation data does not rigorously show what happened in the month as a whole.
Therefore, it is necessary to know, to know the data of the last day of March, which more reliably expresses, on this occasion, the evolution of employment. As of March 31, the number of foreign affiliates was 1,966,392, which means that 174,877 were lost since the 12th.
Specifically, the General Regime registered 11.48% less enrollment of foreigners between March 12 and 31. Construction was the sector that lost the most workers in this group, ending the month with 22.06% fewer employees.
In any case, in interannual terms the affiliation of this group added an average of 46,972 assets compared to March last year. This placed the year-on-year variation at 2.32%.
In the whole of the Social Security affiliation, the employed foreigners represented 10.91% of the total.
Of the foreign affiliates to Social Security in March, 1,293,771 came from countries outside the European Union and the rest (780,158) from EU countries. Of the total of foreign workers, 1,161,991 were men and 911,938 were women.
The most numerous groups of foreign workers were those from Romania (341,503), Morocco (268,564), Italy (124,580) and China (89,870). They were followed by national workers from Colombia (74,425), Ecuador (69,835), the United Kingdom (68,032), Venezuela (67,676), and Bulgaria (62,145). More than 50,000 affiliates from Portugal were also registered (55,247).
By regimes and sectors
By regimes, as usual, the majority of foreign affiliates fell within the General Regime, with 1,722,011 workers (this data includes the Special Agrarian System, with 231,351 employed persons, and the Household System, with 166,157). It was followed by the Self-Employed Workers Regime, with 347,584 members, the Special Sea Regime, with 4,296, and the Coal Regime, with 39.
Specifically, in relation to the group of members of the General Regime, the group of foreigners represented 10.97%. By sector, 42.24% of all the workers affiliated to the Special Household System were foreigners. Likewise, 30.87% of those affiliated to the Special Agrarian System and 28.81% of workers of Activities of Organizations and Extraterritorial Organizations. Also noteworthy is the presence of workers from other countries in Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Fishing (22.40%), Hospitality (22.44%) and Construction (16.04%).
In the General Scheme, the number of registered foreign workers has grown by 1.87% in the last year. The year-on-year variation is especially pronounced in a positive direction in Health Activities (16.01%), Information and Communications (14.48%), Energy Supply (14.07%) and Financial and Insurance Activities (12.94%) . There are still foreign affiliates in the last year in the following sectors: Public Administration and compulsory Social Security (-6.82%), Hospitality (-4.71%), Special System of Household Employees (-3.92%), Other Services (-2.98%), Extractive Industries (-1.83%), Education (-0.66%) and Construction (-0.34%).
In month-on-month terms, however, the General Regime subtracted 2.42% from foreign affiliates. Due to the crisis caused by the COVID-19 disease, all sectors have lost foreign affiliates in the last month, especially Hospitality (-6.7%), Other Services (-6.7%), Artistic Activities (-5, 95%) and Construction (-5.1%).
Regarding the Special Regime for Self-Employed Workers, the presence of foreign workers was 10.69% compared to the group of self-employed workers. In the Hospitality sector, they represented 19.51% of the total, as well as 18.34% of self-employed workers in Household Activities and 16.22% of affiliates in Real Estate Activities.
From March 2019 to March 2020, the affiliation of foreigners increased in all the autonomous communities, and only subtracted in Melilla (-0.04%). Galicia (7.58%), Navarra (7.34%) and the Basque Country (6.37%) were the regions with the most foreign workers. Following were Asturias (4.43%), Cantabria (4.19%) and Castilla y León (4.4%). The number of foreign affiliates in Ceuta grew by 15.13% in the last year.
In month-on-month terms, membership increases in three autonomous communities: Balearic Islands (3.16%), Andalusia (2.07%) and Murcia (1.38%). The rest decreased in number of foreign affiliates, with special intensity in the Canary Islands (-5.17%), La Rioja (-4.39%), Castilla-La Mancha (-4.03%) and Cantabria (-3.2 %).