The number of special agreements of non-professional carers of people in a situation of dependency already amounts to 26,414 people, mostly women. In this way, they are allowed to count the years dedicated to care in their working life.
The number of agreements entered into has increased by 361.63% since the last April 1 the General State Administration took charge of their contributions.
In March 2019, when the caretakers themselves were still responsible for the cost of contributions, there were 7,304 special agreements of these characteristics signed with Social Security. These are still valid, only now it is the Administration that pays the fees, a change that has been made ex officio.
The main advantage for the caregivers of signing a special agreement with the Social Security is that the years devoted to caring for the dependent person, often from their family environment, are integrated into their working life and contribute to generating entitlements to benefits such as retirement or permanent disability.
This measure, collected in Royal Decree-Law 6/2019, of March 1, of urgent measures to guarantee equality of treatment and opportunities between women and men in employment and occupation, recovered in its entirety the special agreement already provided for in the Royal Decree 615/2007 which regulates the Social Security of caregivers of people in situations of dependency.
The Royal Decree 20/2012 It modified the nature of this agreement, in such a way that from its full start-up, the caregivers themselves were forced to assume the cost of Social Security contributions. Of the approximately 180,000 non-professional caregivers (179,829) who had signed a special agreement of this kind in July 2012, it dropped to 7,304 in March 2019.
When to subscribe
It must be remembered that non-professional caregivers whose dependent had recognized the economic benefit prior to April 1 have 90 calendar days thereafter to request the agreement and that its effects extend from that date, that is, from the own April 1st. If you subscribe later, the agreement will take effect from the date of subscription.
Caregivers of persons whose economic benefit by dependence is recognized as of April 1, for their part, have 90 days to request the agreement if they want its effects to be from the date on which the benefit has been recognized. If requested after these 90 calendar days, the agreement will take effect from the date of subscription.
How to subscribe
This special agreement is addressed to persons designated as non-professional carers in the Individual Care Program, prepared by the Social Services corresponding to the municipality of residence of the person requesting it. To subscribe it is necessary that the caregiver is not registered in Social Security in any full-time regime or in unemployment.
In addition, the person receiving the care must have recognized the economic dependency benefit to give the caregiver option to sign the special agreement.
The application must be presented in the offices of the General Treasury of the Social Security and in the electronic office using the service of "Registration in Special Agreement", provided that an electronic certificate is available. It is necessary to accompany the corresponding form with the resolution of the economic benefit of the dependency and the DNI of the non-professional caregiver as well as the dependent person.
If when signing the agreement, the contribution base is chosen equivalent to the minimum cap of the general regime, the payment of the fee will be assumed in full by the Administration. If the non-professional caregiver chooses a higher contribution base, the State Administration assumes the quota corresponding to the minimum contribution base and the caregiver pays for the rest, that is, for the difference between the base chosen and the base minimal
In the event that the caregiver becomes the holder of a retirement pension, permanent widow's disability or family favor or reaches 65 years of age, he will have to cancel his agreement. The same is also extinguished when the assisted person dies, the financial benefit for family care is no longer received or the caregiver is no longer provided.