The Spanish Association of Automobile and Truck Manufacturers ANFAC launches its first ANFAC Barometer of Electromobility with which it intends, quarterly, to analyze the evolution of Spain and its autonomous communities in the penetration of pure electrified and electric vehicles, as well as the level of development of recharging infrastructure.
This barometer is an index (based on 100) that assesses the level of compliance of the territories with different objectives, such as: achieving a 10% share of the electrified vehicle market; get a 70% penetration of pure vehicle with respect to electrified vehicle; the necessary volume of recharging points to achieve this objective (3.3 points per 1,000 people of motorized age) and that 30% of these infrastructures are fast or super fast.
With these elements, a valuation is made, being the level or value 100, the total fulfillment of these objectives. In this scale and depending on the different degrees of scope of the objectives, a value or level is given to each territory. In this sense, the global indicator of Electromobility of the ANFAC Barometer, which measures both the penetration of the electric vehicle and the development of infrastructures, indicates that Spain is at the tail of Europe in electric mobility, only ahead of Italy, since it would be placed at a level 15 compared to 100, which would mean total compliance with the aforementioned minimums. Thus, countries such as the Netherlands would be at a 76 compliance level and Norway would double the penetration objectives of the electric vehicle and infrastructure development (this is why the index gives it a level of compliance of 200).
Regarding Autonomous Communities, the global indicator points to the Basque Country, Catalonia and Madrid, the leading regions in electromobility. Although Madrid is the Autonomous Community with the largest presence of electrified vehicles, thanks to the MUS, Basque Country and Catalonia aid program, it has outperformed this community thanks to its strong support for charging infrastructures, which boosts its level of compliance to 22 and 20 , 5, respectively. It is the highest value reached by any region in this Barometer, despite the fact that it is still far from 100, which would have meant reaching minimum levels of electric vehicle penetration and charging infrastructure.
For Mario Armero, executive vice president of ANFAC, "The electric vehicle is key in the present and future development of the automotive industry. The commitment of manufacturers with the reduction of polluting emissions and the fight against climate change is a reality, especially if we take into account that more than 60% of the models that will reach the market in 2019 and 2020 have electrified version ". "The Spanish factories need to increase their percentage of manufacturing of electrified vehicles and for this, a strong market, a growing demand that justifies the awarding of models to our plants, is essential," he said.
With this Barometer, better tracking of this market will be allowed. "It is necessary that the administrations commit, in the light of these numbers, with the decided support to these vehicles. In fact, the results of those that have introduced aid or stimulus plans are palpable. Plans to renew the park and help with the purchase of these vehicles are needed; fiscal stimuli; improvements in the conditions for the companies in order to make more cost-effective the installation of charging points and public incentives for the development of infrastructures of fast and super-fast charging ", explained Armero.
PENETRATION OF THE ELECTRIFIED VEHICLE
Regarding the penetration of the electrified vehicle, the Barometer highlights that Spain is far from the objective of 10% share of these models in the market and also that 70% of these vehicles sold are pure electric. Thus, the indicator gives you eight points of less valuation, which is only at a compliance level of 13, while the EU-15 as a whole would reach a value of 21 out of 100 compliance. Very far, anyway, both areas of total compliance and Norway, which exceeds three times these objectives (gets a score of 308 out of 100). The closest to the goal is Holland, with a value of 59.
In Spain, Madrid stands out in penetration of these vehicles, with a level 19 of compliance. Extremadura, although it has a very small market, rises in valuation due to the high presence of pure electric vehicles in all of its electrified sales. The association expects the Basque Country, which has a support plan or Castilla León and Navarra, which have active tax credits for the purchase of alternative vehicles, to improve their score in coming quarters.
DEVELOPMENT OF RECHARGE INFRASTRUCTURES
Spain, again, occupies the posts of queue in the European Union in charging infrastructures. Only overtakes Italy in development of these points, with a level of 17.8 out of 100 compliance with the goal of installing charging points. Holland overtakes Norway for its boost to the fast-charging infrastructure.
In Spain, the impulse in the Basque Country to the superfast recharge places the region in first position in the Barometer, with a 33 compliance value. Thus, in this specific section, it has already reached a level 58 of compliance with the objective that 30% of the recharging facilities are fast or super fast. Catalonia and Castilla León are the two regions that follow.
Madrid, despite being the city with the most electric vehicles, is placed tenth in terms of penetration of the recharging facilities. It has only reached a value of 15 regarding the fulfillment of the general objective.