The Civil Guard begins its summer campaign against forest fires

The human factor is behind most of the forest fires that occur in Spain

The Civil Guard is committed to police and criminal investigation as a more effective tool in the fight against forest fires

The number of people arrested or investigated for this type of crime has increased by 90% this year. A total of 178 people are involved in this year's fires

Wildfires have a devastating impact. One of the most visible consequences is the destruction of the ecosystem and the landscape. The destroyed vegetation provided oxygen, captured CO2, supported the soil and gave shelter and food to a wide variety of organisms.

The loss of soil by erosion is the most serious of all the consequences of forest fires. The destruction of the surface structure of the soil and ash drag causes a compaction that prevents the penetration of water, thus reducing its humidification. The torrential rains drag the ashes and the waters increase their turbidity by contaminating them.

Forest fires release significant amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere, as well as other gases and particles, which favors the greenhouse effect and climate change. Carbon particles and ash in suspension, on the other hand, have a detrimental effect on people's health.

The Civil Guard, as in previous years, carries out a campaign to prevent forest fires in the summer, period in which the largest number of accidents occur.

From the study and analysis of the data of the last 15 years, it has become clear that the majority of forest fires are linked to the human factor, either by the work of an arsonist or derived from the negligence in the use of fire, being very small or almost null incidence of natural causes.

Increase of crimes by 140%

If we take as a reference the figures obtained in the first five months of the year, the number of forest fire crimes has increased by 140% with respect to the same period of 2018.

The number of arrested or investigated for this type of crime has increased this year by 90%. There is a total of 178 people considered authors of the same, a figure that almost doubles the 95 arrested and investigated last year.

The Civil Guard considers that the police and criminal investigation, as well as the demand of responsibilities, constitute one of the most effective measures for its prevention, since it generates a dissuasive effect on the arsonist and the negligent conduct of the rest of the citizens.

As a novelty, the Civil Guard has reinforced the Teams of Protection of Nature (EPRONA) of the commanders with the highest incidence of casualties, with specialists in the investigation of forest fires.

The "AGALLADEIRA II" Operation, developed by the Commandery of Ourense, has been the result of these reinforcements. It has resulted in the arrest of one person for the commission of 16 forest fires that caused great danger to the integrity of the people due to their proximity to the populations. The Court of Guardia ordered the entry into prison of the author.

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