• 322,300 jobs were lost in the first quarter of 2013, 52,000 fewer than in the same period of 2012
  • The temporary employment rate decreased 1.7 points in the last year, to 22.1%, the lowest since the second quarter of 1983

According to the estimates of the Labor Force Survey (EPA) prepared by the INE, in the first quarter of 2013 employment decreased by 322,300 people compared to the previous quarter, which represents a drop of 52,000 less than that experienced in the same quarter of 2012. In the last year, 798,500 jobs (4.6%) have been lost, which represents a moderation in the rate of decline compared to that registered in the previous quarter (-4.8%). Regarding unemployment, the number of unemployed increased by 237,400 people, a figure lower by 128,600 people than that registered in the same period of the previous year. The unemployment rate increases by just over one point, to 27.16%, and the total number of people without work rises to 6,202,700.

The destruction of jobs in the first quarter of 2012 especially affected the service sector, whose employment level decreased by 170,500 jobs, 52.9% of the decrease in total employment. Construction and industry followed at a great distance, with quarter-on-quarter reductions of 24,200 and 66,800, respectively. In agriculture 60,800 jobs were lost.

Once adjusted for seasonal factors, the total employment figures show a loss that would be around 186,800 employed, with a drop rate of -1.1%, compared to -1.38% in the previous quarter.

The loss of salaried employment affected both temporary and permanent employees, but the first group accused it much more intensely. Temporary workers decreased by 194,400 in the quarter and by 118,400 those employed with permanent contracts. Compared to a year earlier, workers with permanent contracts decreased by 3.5%, one tenth less, and workers with temporary contracts slowed the rate of decline by just over one tenth, to 12.1%. After this result, the temporary employment rate decreased by 0.9 percentage points in the quarter, to 22.1%, and compared to a year earlier it decreased by 1.7 points. This rate is the lowest since the second quarter of 1983.

According to the working day, full-time employed persons decreased at an annual rate of 6.4%, while part-time employed persons increased to 6.2%, rates that represent a slight moderation of the 0.1 point drop in the first collective and an increase of 0.5 points in the second. After this result, the weight of part-time workers increased by 0.7 points in the quarter and 1.6 points compared to a year earlier, to 16%, a rate that is a record high.

Employment decreased in the quarter by 71,400 in the public sector and by 251,000 in the private sector, figures that imply rates of interannual fall of 8.3% and 3.8% respectively. These rates represent an intensification of the 1.3 point drop in public employment and a half point moderation in private employment.

The active population decreased by 85,000 people in the first quarter, representing a variation rate of -0.4%. Compared to a year earlier, the active population decreased by 235,300 people, -1%, compared to -0.7% in the previous quarter.

The decrease in the active population responds to a decrease in the population (63,500 fewer than in the last quarter of 2012 within the group of working age, between 16 and 64 years old) and, to a lesser extent, to the reduction by one tenth of the activity rate (59.7%), more pronounced among males. Both the decline in the population and the number of assets derive mainly from the loss of the foreign population, since the national population has been reduced to a very small extent. The foreign population over the age of 16 has fallen at an annual rate of 4.3% and within it, assets, at 5.1%.

Unemployment increases by 237,400 people (104,000 when seasonally adjusted). The increase in the number of unemployed, once seasonally adjusted, goes from 2.04% in the last quarter to 1.74% in the first quarter of 2013. The annual rate also slows down significantly, from 13.1% to 10% in the same periods. The total unemployed stands at 6,202,700 people and the unemployment rate increases by 1.1 points, to 27.2% of the active population. With seasonally adjusted data, this rate drops to 26.6%, 0.5 points above that of the previous quarter.

The data from the Labor Force Survey shows that the Spanish economy is still in a recessive phase, but indicates that the rates of falling employment and rising unemployment are softening, in parallel with the estimated moderation in the fall in unemployment. exercise. This slowdown occurs despite the fact that the first quarter of the year is usually negative for employment in Spain from a seasonal point of view. It is foreseeable that the trend towards improvement will strengthen in the coming quarters, in line with the estimate of a progressive improvement in productive activity and a return to economic growth.

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