Vocational training courses are the ones that grow the most in the 2019-2020 academic year, with 6% more students compared to the 2018-2019 period


In total, the number of students in non-university general education amounts to 8,276,528 students, of whom 4,273,011 are men and 4,003,517 women. It represents an increase of 58,866 students (+ 0.7%), 31,578 of them men (+ 0.7%) and 27,290 women (+ 0.7%).

The most important increase corresponds to Vocational Training (+ 6%). By grades, Basic FP increases by 3.6%, the Middle Grade by 5.9% and the Higher Grade by 6.6%. The increase in distance learning stands out, which in the case of the Middle Degree represents 7.1% and in the Higher Degree 12.6%.

By gender, in these distance modalities, women are the majority, both in Middle Grade (60.3%) and in Higher Grade (60.8%). Within the face-to-face FP, however, they are 29.8% of the students in Basic FP, 42.3% in the Middle Grade and 45.4% in the Higher Grade. In face-to-face Baccalaureate, they represent 53.9% of the student body.

Schooling of 41% in the First Cycle of Early Childhood Education

Schooling in the first cycle of Early Childhood Education fell slightly, with 3,727 fewer students (-0.8%). The population between 0 and 2 years old, the ages that correspond to this cycle, has decreased by 4.2% (according to INE data from January 1, 2020, compared to the previous year). The schooling rate at these ages reaches 41%, when the previous year was 39.6%. The second cycle shows stability, with a slight increase of 708 students (+ 0.1%).

Primary Education decreases by 31,697 students (-1.1%), due to the decrease in population of those ages. Compulsory Secondary Education continues to grow, with 36,086 more students (+ 1.8%) and Bachillerato students add 5,884 more students (+ 0.9%), after three courses of setbacks.

Foreign students amount to 863,952 students, the highest figure in the historical series, with 68,427 more students than last year (+ 8.6%), and it represents 9.9% of the total number of students. By educational level, the increase in Primary Education (+27,858; 9%), ESO (+14,121; 8.1%), Children (+11,167; 7%) and Higher Grade FP (+4,384; 17.5%) stand out. ).

Teachers and schools

FacultyFor their part, the number of teachers has increased by 7,712 teachers, which represents an increase of 1.1%, with an increase of 8,337 teachers in public centers (+ 1.6%) and a decrease of 625 in private ones ( -0.3%). In total, the teaching staff amounts to 724,803 teachers, of whom 517,437 teach in public centers and 207,366 in private ones.

The number of educational centers has also grown by 85 (53 public and 32 private), to reach 28,534 (19,143 public and 9,391 private). The average number of students per unit in the second cycle of Infant and Primary is respectively 20.7 and 21.7, values ​​similar to those of the Cycles of Vocational Training of Middle Grade (20.2) and Higher Grade ( 21.2). In Compulsory Secondary Education and in Baccalaureate the ratios are higher, 25.3 and 26.1, respectively. They are minors in the first cycle of Early Childhood Education (12), Basic FP Cycles (12.5) and other training programs (11.5).

In relation to the ownership of the center, the average number of students per unit is lower in public centers in the second cycle of Early Childhood Education (-2.2), Primary (-3.2), Basic Vocational Training (-2.6). ) and in Medium-Level Vocational Training cycles (-2.3). However, it is slightly higher in the first cycle of Early Childhood Education (+0.3), Baccalaureate (+0.6) and Higher Level Vocational Training cycles (+0.8).



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