Agricultural Income stands at 26,179.6 million euros, value 8.6% lower than in 2018 and 4.5% above the average of the last 10 years.

At European level, the agricultural income of Spain is the second highest in the EU, only behind France, which has also seen its income decreased by -8.3%.

The Agricultural Income by Unit of Annual Work (UTA) has stood at € 30,361.6, 8.3% lower than that of 2018, as a result of the aforementioned reduction of the Agricultural Income and the volume of work in 0.4% agriculture, expressed in Agricultural Work Units.

For its part, the Production of the Agricultural Branch has stood at 50,637 million euros, a figure very similar to that of 2017. This figure represents a reduction compared to last year, in which there was a historical record of this parameter, due to to the excellent weather conditions that occurred in 2018.

Plant production

During 2019, the rainfall regime has been particularly deficient. The 2018/2019 hydrological year closed with a decrease in rainfall of 13% compared to a normal year and 21% compared to 2017/2018; The accumulated rainfall between January and July 2019 was 51% lower than those corresponding to the same period of 2018, producing a drought situation that has affected large areas of Spain.

Dryland production has been the most directly affected by drought and the absence of rainfall, leading to sharp declines in olive harvests (-29.5%), cereals (-18.3%), industrial plants (16 , 7%) and grapes (-14.4%).

In certain productions and subsectors, the imbalance between supply and demand has resulted in a significant reduction in prices, as has been the case with fruits.

Animal production

Animal production has experienced a rise of + 3.6% compared to 2018 due to the good performance of the productions, which increased by + 2.1%, highlighting birds 8.3%, cattle + 4.5% and the pig + 1.6%.

On the other hand, prices have increased + 1.4% in the whole of animal production, highlighting the increase registered in pigs of + 8.2% due to the excellent performance of foreign trade. In other sectors, the increase in production has not been compensated with a better performance of foreign trade, influencing the negative behavior of prices, as has been the case in the poultry, cattle and eggs sector.

Intermediate consumption increased by + 3.6%, due to an increase of + 1.3% in the quantities consumed, accompanied by an increase of + 2.2% in prices. This increase is mainly motivated by the increase in the value of feed (+ 5.4%), due to an increase in the volume consumed (+ 2.1%) linked to the increase in production in certain sectors, combined with an increase in prices (+ 3.1%). It also highlights the increase registered in fertilizers (+ 5.5%), mainly due to the price factor.

Total subsidies remained virtually constant compared to 2018.

The agricultural insurance system is the main tool of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food to face the climatic adversities that affect agriculture. Likewise, the Ministry works continuously with the main sectors in which the imbalances between supply and demand lead to a reduction in prices, through the application of sectoral plans that, with the contribution of the agents of the sector, are aimed at recovering the balance between supply and demand and, with it, remunerative prices for producers.

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