Christopher Tolkien left us.

Apart from being the main world authority in the work of J.R.R. Tolkien, has been an enormously tenacious, insightful and solvent editor who made a titanic work for more than forty years – perhaps unique in the history of literature – to make known the unknown treasures of his father. After the death of J.R.R. Tolkien in 1973, Christopher Tolkien left his job at the University of Oxford to devote himself, body and soul, to tidying up the huge number of manuscripts that the famous author of The Lord of the rings He had left unpublished. They were mostly unpolished jewelry, and since the publication of The Silmarillion in 1977 until his last edited work, The fall of Gondolin, published in 2018, did not cease its efforts to bring the wonderful stories of his father to the readers, in an accessible but at the same time rigorous way.

There is no doubt that Christopher Tolkien was the right person to edit his father's legacy. First, it was one of the first receivers of fairy tales that Tolkien told his children in the 1920s and 1930s, among others The Hobbit. From a young age he helped his father look for typos in his manuscripts, and later he edited and improved the maps to The Lord of the rings. However, Christopher Tolkien was not only present in the writer's family environment; he also lived directly the intimate intellectual environment in which it was designed The Lord of the rings, the opus magnum since Tolkien was an active member of the Inklings, the group of writers and academics who met weekly at the pub The Eagle and Child Oxford to read aloud the stories, poems and novels they were writing. In the professional field, he was an English professor at the University of Oxford and had a deep knowledge of the medieval literary works of North and Northwest Europe that inspired his father. No one knew J.R.R. Tolkien that Christopher – as a father, as a scholar of English language and literature, as a writer and as a person. He knew him so well that he even knew how to interpret his (often) convoluted lyrics; a quality that proved to be essential for the work he carried out for so long, and with such rigor and elegance. For all these reasons, Tolkien Sr. could not have found a better literary executor than his own son.

The contribution of Christopher Tolkien as editor of his father's posthumous writings is invaluable, a true tour de force. He published a total of 24 editions of his father's texts, with introductions, essays and explanatory notes; among them the twelve volumes of The history of Middle Earth in which he unraveled the intricate evolution of legendarium from its faltering beginnings in 1916-17 to the last writings, produced shortly before the author's death. These meticulous comparative editions, which include poetry, prose, annotations, drawings and maps, shed a new light on the creative mind of the now famous author, and offered a multitude of clues about his motivations as a writer and creator of literary myths. Christopher Tolkien was also able to do something that his father never achieved, to the extent that he compiled and gave cohesion to the material related to The Silmarillion, thus fulfilling the dream of its parent. He also published the essentials Unfinished tales of Númenor and Middle-earth, and new editions of what Tolkien Sr. considered the three “great stories” of the First Age – Beren and Lúthien, The fall of Gondolin Y The sons of Húrin – as well as his father's versions of various medieval works in Northern Europe, such as The legend of Sigurd and Gudrún, Arthur's fall Y Beowulf.

With the death of Christopher Tolkien, those of us who study and translate the work of J.R.R. Tolkien we have been orphaned by the greatest specialist in our field, but we are not the only ones – millions of readers worldwide have a huge debt to him. Without Christopher Tolkien we would not have known the epic adventures of Tuor and Túrin Turambar, the exciting love story of Beren and Lúthien, or the sinister machinations of Sauron in The fall of Númenor. We would not have been able to contemplate the wonders of Menegroth, nor would we have ever found the way to Gondolin. If it were not for him, we would not have been able to feel the fury of the impetuous and brilliant Fëanor, nor could we have admired the Thingol and Melian regions. We would not have seen how Eärendel lit a new light in the sky.

Without Christopher Tolkien, Middle-earth would have been much poorer. And so do we.

Homage article by Martin Simonson, translator of Tolkien's work into Spanish.



Source of the new


A book to cancel each variable of the saddest day of the year

The human being is a curious specimen. After an eternity in constant search for the formula of happiness we still have no indication of what its essence may be. However, if we consider the words of Cliff Arnall, a psychologist at Cardiff University, yes we can know what is the saddest day of the year. His famous equation, which resonates strongly every third Monday in January, was created more than a decade ago, and would come to say something like this:

There seems to be consensus on the part of the community that Arnall's formula has no scientific basis, and it was later discovered that the original idea was part of a travel agency's attempts to promote its offers, but it is difficult for a proposal So curious and with such a resounding name, don't get embedded somewhere in the subconscious, right? Well, and on what variables was Arnall based to launch such a statement? Below we list them all, however, as we do not like to limit ourselves to being simple transmitters and we also want to see you happy and smiling, we accompany each of them with a book capable of canceling it, and we manufacture this way our own formula to crush Blue Monday.


one

Christmas is over. It is one of the most direct variables in the equation, and the fact that the following holiday is located in light years makes it perhaps the heaviest. Because who doesn't like to think "oh, when I go on vacation."

To fill that existential void until the next holiday period we suggest you read The good thing about having a bad day from Anabel Gonzalez

To present it, we will cite a saying that surely sounds like: “in bad weather, good face.” Well, Dr. Gonzalez proposes the opposite, it is recommended that we be honest with what we feel, that we do not repress anything. The good thing about having a bad day it is A small guide to emotional survival that will help us better manage our emotions and learn to live with the bad times. Including the eternal wait until the next vacation.


two

The cold and harsh winter. The icy temperatures coupled with the anticipated darkness of this era, in fact, can depress anyone. To combat that cold that freezes our bones and even paralyzes our soul… we bring you a warm reading of the hand of Elsa Punset: Happy.

Its author brings us closer to happiness through a great journey to the lost civilizations of the world. What did the ancient Greeks or Romans do to feel better? This book also brings us the inheritance of love that the great poets, artists, scientists and other wise men of our day have left us. With this book you will get the tools to reach happiness through the wisdom that our ancestors have left us. Such a reading, close to the fire and with a hot drink, does it comfort the soul, doesn't it?


3

January's salary barely compensates the debts incurred. So is. Another of the variables that Arnall uses in his formula is the one that refers to Christmas waste. Specifically to the comparison of waste with the salary received in the month of January. Something that leaves most of the citizens with a little sad face and the portfolio even more distressed.

If you are one of those who are suffering fully from the January slope, do not miss The Atlas of happiness from Helen Russell

Why are you interested?

Well, it may sound somewhat banal, although it is not at all: money does not give happiness. Happiness cannot be quantified in expenses and income. And although it’s good that we control spending in January to recover our economy, Russell It shows us that happiness is not in the material.

Through a trip around the world, this book presents the thirty-three universal concepts of happiness. Or put another way, it gives us all the secrets of the world to be happy. Ready to put them into practice?


4

New Year's resolutions begin to deflate. We begin the year full of goodwill and with the desire to fulfill the purposes that he denied us the previous year, but we might aim very high, that we choose the wrong objective or simply that our new purpose requires more time to become a habit. .

Either way, Zen and the art of happiness He comes to help us with all this.

Chris Prentiss affirms that "we are the authors of each moment". And that means we can do everything we set out to do, be it January, March or November. But especially what this book proposes to us is a remedy to escape the anxiety, the burden or the frustration that causes us to have faltered again in our New Year's resolutions. As he explains in his book, "Zen is to do anything with a special mental concentration, a calm and a simplicity of mind that brings us the experience of enlightenment and, through this experience, gives us happiness."

For the first time this classic of spirituality and self-help arrives in Spain to help us think differently and be happy. Do you sign up for the challenge? 😉


5

Our motivation is low. The trajín of the parties, the return to the routine, the famous slope of January… It would be necessary to be of iron to not be affected by the long list of external factors that hit us in the face of return to reality. It is not serious to have small intervals of sadness or melancholy, it is not even a bad thing as long as we do not let it dominate us. There lies the key.

But even if it is something normal and we should not deny … there is something we can do about it to feel better,

Luis Castellanos he is the greatest expert in positive language of our country and in his book The language of happiness It reveals the secret to be happy. How? Changing our story to change our life. Because our perception of things is much more important than we think.

The book is divided into 5 chapters that respond to a plan to change our language in 3 steps: take control of our attention, take control of our time and take control of our stories. In short, it invites us to learn to be craftsmen of our own happiness.

And with these 5 books and 5 antidotes, all the factors that make Blue monday a sad Monday … they would be blocked. But there are still a couple more tips that we want to leave targeted and that will help us to move from the negative to the positive, to build something to leave the discomfort and sadness behind.


6

Need to do something about it. It is good to observe and analyze … but it is also necessary to take action. Fight. Put ourselves in fighting mode to pursue what we want. That is exactly what the doctor collects Marián Rojas in his book How to make good things happen to you.

Because "good things need a plan," he says. In his book he teaches us to understand our brain, manage emotions and improve our lives. How? Through actions such as setting goals and objectives in life, exercising will, starting emotional intelligence, developing assertiveness, avoiding excess self-criticism and self-demand or claiming the role of optimism


7

Challenge yourself! It is almost the consequence of point 6. If with Marián Rojas we work on intelligence and the general approach… now is the time to move on to concrete actions, to make a list of challenges and to go for them.

But calm down, we have a travel companion that will help you reach your destination: The 88 Steps of Happy People from Anxo Pérez.

This book is a best-seller and it is for something. Because it contains the formula to eliminate any type of suffering or bitterness from your life, explained by 88 steps (or steps) that represent the secret to a happy life. As the author says, "No one who knows what it means to live in the light would choose to continue in the shadow for a second." Well, in this book Anxo Pérez is lighting you one by one the 88 lights that will help you reach a much fuller and brighter life. It is in your hand.



And with this recommendation we reach the end of our article to survive Blue Monday and make a reset mental to live a much fuller 2020. And if the body still asks you for more reading, don't miss our Selection of books to be happier.

Happy Monday, readers!



Source of the new


A book to cancel each variable of the saddest day of the year

The human being is a curious specimen. After an eternity in constant search for the formula of happiness we still have no indication of what its essence may be. However, if we consider the words of Cliff Arnall, a psychologist at Cardiff University, yes we can know what is the saddest day of the year. His famous equation, which resonates strongly every third Monday in January, was created more than a decade ago, and would come to say something like this:

There seems to be consensus on the part of the community that Arnall's formula has no scientific basis, and it was later discovered that the original idea was part of a travel agency's attempts to promote its offers, but it is difficult for a proposal So curious and with such a resounding name, don't get embedded somewhere in the subconscious, right? Well, and on what variables was Arnall based to launch such a statement? Below we list them all, however, as we do not like to limit ourselves to being simple transmitters and we also want to see you happy and smiling, we accompany each of them with a book capable of canceling it, and we manufacture this way our own formula to crush Blue Monday.


one

Christmas is over. It is one of the most direct variables in the equation, and the fact that the following holiday is located in light years makes it perhaps the heaviest. Because who doesn't like to think "oh, when I go on vacation."

To fill that existential void until the next holiday period we suggest you read ‘The good thing about having a bad day' from Anabel Gonzalez

To present it, we will cite a saying that surely sounds like: “in bad weather, good face.” Well, Dr. Gonzalez proposes the opposite, it is recommended that we be honest with what we feel, that we do not repress anything. ‘The good thing about having a bad day’ it is A small guide to emotional survival that will help us better manage our emotions and learn to live with the bad times. Including the eternal wait until the next vacation.


two

The cold and harsh winter. The icy temperatures coupled with the anticipated darkness of this era, in fact, can depress anyone. To combat that cold that freezes our bones and even paralyzes our soul… we bring you a warm reading of the hand of Elsa Punset: ‘Happy’.

Its author brings us closer to happiness through a great journey to the lost civilizations of the world. What did the ancient Greeks or Romans do to feel better? This book also brings us the inheritance of love that the great poets, artists, scientists and other wise men of our day have left us. With this book you will get the tools to reach happiness through the wisdom that our ancestors have left us. Such a reading, close to the fire and with a hot drink, does it comfort the soul, doesn't it?


3

January's salary barely compensates the debts incurred. So is. Another of the variables that Arnall uses in his formula is the one that refers to Christmas waste. Specifically to the comparison of waste with the salary received in the month of January. Something that leaves most of the citizens with a little sad face and the portfolio even more distressed.

If you are one of those who are suffering fully from the January slope, do not miss ‘Atlas of happiness’ from Helen Russell

Why are you interested?

Well, it may sound somewhat banal, although it is not at all: money does not give happiness. Happiness cannot be quantified in expenses and income. And although it’s good that we control spending in January to recover our economy, Russell It shows us that happiness is not in the material.

Through a trip around the world, this book presents the thirty-three universal concepts of happiness. Or put another way, it gives us all the secrets of the world to be happy. Ready to put them into practice?


4

New Year's resolutions begin to deflate. We begin the year full of goodwill and with the desire to fulfill the purposes that he denied us the previous year, but we might aim very high, that we choose the wrong objective or simply that our new purpose requires more time to become a habit. .

Either way, ‘Zen and the art of happiness’ He comes to help us with all this.

Chris Prentiss affirms that "we are the authors of each moment". And that means we can do everything we set out to do, be it January, March or November. But especially what this book proposes to us is a remedy to escape the anxiety, the burden or the frustration that causes us to have faltered again in our New Year's resolutions. As he explains in his book, "Zen is to do anything with a special mental concentration, a calm and a simplicity of mind that brings us the experience of enlightenment and, through this experience, gives us happiness."

For the first time this classic of spirituality and self-help arrives in Spain to help us think differently and be happy. Do you sign up for the challenge? 😉


5

Our motivation is low. The trajín of the parties, the return to the routine, the famous slope of January… It would be necessary to be of iron to not be affected by the long list of external factors that hit us in the face of return to reality. It is not serious to have small intervals of sadness or melancholy, it is not even a bad thing as long as we do not let it dominate us. There lies the key.

But even if it is something normal and we should not deny … there is something we can do about it to feel better,

Luis Castellanos he is the greatest expert in positive language of our country and in his book ‘The language of happiness’ It reveals the secret to be happy. How? Changing our story to change our life. Because our perception of things is much more important than we think.

The book is divided into 5 chapters that respond to a plan to change our language in 3 steps: take control of our attention, take control of our time and take control of our stories. In short, it invites us to learn to be craftsmen of our own happiness.

And with these 5 books and 5 antidotes, all the factors that make Blue monday a sad Monday … they would be blocked. But there are still a couple more tips that we want to leave targeted and that will help us to move from the negative to the positive, to build something to leave the discomfort and sadness behind.


6

Need to do something about it. It is good to observe and analyze … but it is also necessary to take action. Fight. Put ourselves in fighting mode to pursue what we want. That is exactly what the doctor collects Marián Rojas in his book ‘How to make good things happen to you’.

Because "good things need a plan," he says. In his book he teaches us to understand our brain, manage emotions and improve our lives. How? Through actions such as setting goals and objectives in life, exercising will, starting emotional intelligence, developing assertiveness, avoiding excess self-criticism and self-demand or claiming the role of optimism


7

Challenge yourself! It is almost the consequence of point 6. If with Marián Rojas we work on intelligence and the general approach… now is the time to move on to concrete actions, to make a list of challenges and to go for them.

But calm down, we have a travel companion that will help you reach your destination: ‘The 88 Steps of Happy People’ from Anxo Pérez.

This book is a best-seller and it is for something. Because it contains the formula to eliminate any type of suffering or bitterness from your life, explained by 88 steps (or steps) that represent the secret to a happy life. As the author says, "No one who knows what it means to live in the light would choose to continue in the shadow for a second." Well, in this book Anxo Pérez is lighting you one by one the 88 lights that will help you reach a much fuller and brighter life. It is in your hand.



And with this recommendation we reach the end of our article to survive Blue Monday and make a reset mental to live a much fuller 2020. And if the body still asks you for more reading, don't miss our Selection of books to be happier.

Happy Monday, readers!



Source of the new


171 years after his death, the writer continues to be a literary reference in the genre of terror and the short story.

If we told you that there is an author who has influenced the most relevant writers of the last century and a half, who also has the merit of having resurrected the short story, of having created the first literary detective and contributed to the flowering of science fiction, probably Do not believe us. If we also tell you what it is one of the great masters and main renovators of the horror genre, the thing has just taken that uncertain and mysterious aspect that some of Poe's stories have.

Effectively, Edgar Allan Poe It was that and much more. He arrived in the world on January 19 two hundred and eleven years ago to record his name in history. From PlanetadeLibros we propose a brief review of his life and work to celebrate his anniversary and his legacy.

The illness and the early death of his wife inspired his stories

Born into a couple of traveling actors, Edgar Poe lost his parents with just over two years. He was welcomed by the Allan family, who was responsible for raising him and paying for his education. He began his studies in the United Kingdom and continued them in the United States, where he was expelled from the university for his love of drinking and gaming.

Wrote Tamerlane, his first volume of poetry, at eighteen, and after being expelled again, this time from the military academy, he married his young cousin and ended up leading the newspaper with remarkable success Southern Literary Messenger, where he published some of his stories.

The illness and the early death of his wife inspired his stories and aggravated his abuse of alcohol and other substances, which would end his life soon after.

The impossible inheritance of Edgar Allan Poe

Solid defender of poetry as a literary expression, his, although well received by works such as The Raven, Leonora or Annabel Lee, was not the one that gave him greater fame. On the contrary, their stories Gothic, dark and elegant, they catapulted him to the position he occupies today in the world of letters.

The barrel of the amontillado, The fall of the house Usher or The truth about Mr. Valdemar's case They are part of their heritage and are considered great works of universal literature.

«Each one (of the stories) is a root from where a complete literature has been developed …», I would say later Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the father of Sherlock Holmes, who drank from his source to create his mythical characters based on the figure of Auguste Dupin. Pioneer in the use of logic and deductive ability to solve their cases, it is not risky to say that Dupin's character conceived by Poe laid the foundations of what we now call detective novel.

The impossible inheritance of Edgar Allan Poe

Influenced in turn by the romanticism of Lord Byron, Keats and Coleridge, Poe created his own style that has earned him the recognition and fame he enjoys today.

There are innumerable authors who have written their works, painted their paintings or directed their films under the influence of the supernatural that populates the stories of Poe, some of the likes of H.P. Lovecraft, Mallarme, Julio Verne, Manet, Dalí or Hitchcock. To Baudelaire and Cortázar, both great admirers, we owe respectively the French and Spanish translations of their stories.

We, like Poe, thank you for your work. And if you have been wanting to delve a little deeper into Poe's heritage, you can enjoy the best black and horror novels in our fantastic fear selection.



Source of the new


Releasing the 2020 calendar, it's time to report on the news Comic Planet for February. The universe Star wars will bring the volume Heroes and the two staple deliveries of the current series. The USA Comic will stand out with Paper Girls, Assassins Nation, Babyteeth or Transformers. A graphic novel based on the life of the artist Tamara of Lempicka It will taste francobelga BD.

Finally, the Japanese titles will be captained by two novels (Weathering with you Y One Piece Stampede) and more episodes of the publisher's manga collections (Dragon Ball, Samurai 8, MHA Vigilante Illegals, Girl Friends, Hokuto no Ken, Astro Boy…)

More info HERE

CONSULT LIBRARIES



Source of the new


The Philadelphia Science Fiction Society has just announced the nominees for Philip K. Dick Awards. This award distinguishes those works of Science Fiction published in the USA during 2019. These are:

  • The outside by Ada Hoffmann (Angry Robot).
  • Velocity Weapon by Megan E. O’Keefe (Orbit).
  • All Worlds Are Real: Short Fictions by Susan Palwick (Fairwood Press).
  • Sooner or Later Everything Falls into the Sea: Stories by Sarah Pinsker (Small Beer Press).
  • The little animals by Sarah Tolmie (Aqueduct Press).
  • The Rosewater Redemption by Tade Thompson (Orbit).



Source of the new


Recovered from Christmas agapes, it is time to report on the Minotauro news planned for February. The bet of the month will be for Player Two from Guillermo Tato, a fun tutorial that will help make the adventure of being a father compatible with the love of video games. That is, a pleasant manual for fathers parents.

Two Science Fiction titles will be incorporated into the new Author Libraries collection: Now and always (Ray Bradbury) and The penultimate truth (Philip K. Dick). Finally, the Fantasy will be represented by the fifth and final volume of the Warhammer Chronicles series, The End Times.

Go for a Fantastic 2020!



Source of the new


The jury of the 76th edition of the Nadal Prize formed by Alicia Giménez Bartlett, Care Santos, Lorenzo Silva, Andrés Trapiello and Emili Rosales, yesterday granted the award for the novel The map of affections of the writer Ana Merino. The verdict was made public yesterday in the traditional literary evening at the Palace hotel in Barcelona.

A novel with as many protagonists as there are ways to relate and feel affection such as love, in all its manifestations, loss, revenge, disappointment or betrayal.

The story starts with the secret relationship that a school teacher has in a small rural community. From here, we will enter the daily mysteries of its inhabitants. Their lives, chained as emotional episodes, will cross over two decades between the United States and Spain.

The map of affections pursues the trail of the hidden stories of places, of chance, of strange events, of unexplained crimes, of absences and family tensions. A place where only thanks to kindness will it be possible to continue living. The book will be in bookstores on February 4, 2020.

Ana Merino, (Madrid 1971) is a writer who has been living in the United States for twenty-four years. Professor in creative writing in Spanish and cultural studies at the University of Iowa, in 2011 he founded the MFA of Creative Writing in Spanish, which he directed until December 2018. He has published nine poems, including Preparations for a trip awarded the Prize Adonáis de Poesía in 1994, and is the author of several plays premiered in Zurich and Iowa. She has pioneered the development of the academic training of comics in the university field of American Hispanic studies and has curated four exhibitions and written various essays specialized. He has been an opinion columnist for The country, member of the Executive Committee of the International Comic Art Forum (ICAF), of the Steering Committee of the Center for Cartoon Studies (CCS), of the Directing Council of Iowa City Unesco City of Literature and is currently a member of the Board of Directors of the Riverside Theater from the city of Iowa. The map of affections It is his first novel.



Source of the new


The jury of the 76th edition of the Nadal Prize formed by Alicia Giménez Bartlett, Care Santos, Lorenzo Silva, Andrés Trapiello and Emili Rosales, yesterday granted the award for the novel The map of affections of the writer Ana Merino. The verdict was made public yesterday in the traditional literary evening at the Palace hotel in Barcelona.

A novel with as many protagonists as there are ways to relate and feel affection such as love, in all its manifestations, loss, revenge, disappointment or betrayal.

The story starts with the secret relationship that a school teacher has in a small rural community. From here, we will enter the daily mysteries of its inhabitants. Their lives, chained as emotional episodes, will cross over two decades between the United States and Spain.

The map of affections pursues the trail of the hidden stories of places, of chance, of strange events, of unexplained crimes, of absences and family tensions. A place where only thanks to kindness will it be possible to continue living. The book will be in bookstores on February 4, 2020.

Ana Merino, (Madrid 1971) is a writer who has been living in the United States for twenty-four years. Professor in creative writing in Spanish and cultural studies at the University of Iowa, in 2011 he founded the MFA of Creative Writing in Spanish, which he directed until December 2018. He has published nine poems, including Preparations for a trip awarded the Prize Adonáis de Poesía in 1994, and is the author of several plays premiered in Zurich and Iowa. She has pioneered the development of the academic training of comics in the university field of American Hispanic studies and has curated four exhibitions and written various essays specialized. He has been an opinion columnist for The country, member of the Executive Committee of the International Comic Art Forum (ICAF), of the Steering Committee of the Center for Cartoon Studies (CCS), of the Directing Council of Iowa City Unesco City of Literature and is currently a member of the Board of Directors of the Riverside Theater from the city of Iowa. The map of affections It is his first novel.



Source of the new


Today we are going with an economics article. Because we have more or less money in our bank accounts, we appreciate more or less the system in which we are immersed … in the end the economy is one of the great magnitudes in which our world is measured.

And today we talk to you about Thomas Piketty, one of the great voices in this field whose books are opening the eyes of thousands of people on how the system works. Does it sound broad? Can be. That is why we bring you this article about Piketty and his reflections on inequality and what can be done to combat it. And yes, his new book, Capital and ideology, It should be on your reading list by 2020. We give you some reasons!

A book written based on exclusive sources

After the success of his previous book, The capital in the 20th century, an essay that sold more than 2.5 million copies around the world, Thomas Piketty became the most well-known, recognized and most profusely cited economist in the profession.

The success of this book opened the doors to fiscal and historical sources from countries whose governments had kept hidden to date, such as Brazil, India, South Africa, Tunisia, Lebanon, Ivory Coast, Korea, Taiwan, Poland, Hungary, China and Russia Having these new data allowed him to expand the history of the inequality initiated in his previous book and provide it with a greater historical perspective, thereby expanding its course of action.

In this sense, his new work, which is entitled Capital and Ideology and that Deusto publishes in its Spanish edition, it can be read as a second part of the previous one or, as the author suggests, as an extension of the first.

In this new installment – and thanks to the new data and statistical sources mentioned – Professor Piketty concludes that inequality is a social choice, the result of ideology, political programs and ideological and electoral options present in The different moments of the story. It is not an economic or technological issue, but ideological and political. To illustrate, it exposes how inequality has been accepted or tolerated in a very different way in the different historical stages, both in the past and in our modern societies. And, before that, it raises a series of questions, such as: what is the degree of inequality we want? Do we want more inequality? Less? And, in case we advocate reducing it, in what way and with what tools?

Reasons to combat inequality

In his opinion, inequality is one of the great foci of conflict today and its growth is the fuel that fuels the growing and widespread conflicts and social protests around the world.

Likewise, and in his opinion, if we do not find democratic and peaceful solutions to reduce inequalities, the door opens to xenophobic and nationalist political movements that take advantage of this malaise to offer solutions based on hatred of immigrants and hatred of other countries or their communities neighbors In this regard and in regard to our country, he is suspicious of the independence process in Catalonia, which he says is surprised by the support he receives from progressive parties, since “Catalan nationalism is much more pronounced among the categories social more favored than among the most modest ”.

Beyond capitalism? Piketty's proposals

In his new book, likewise, Piketty is convinced that it is possible to overcome capitalism with a fair society based on participatory socialism and social federalism and for this purpose it proposes a series of measures that, far from being thought of as a road map, are presented with the objective of focusing and encouraging debate. How?

His proposals for debate are three, two related to governance and one last of a fiscal nature.

According to the governance, believes that current supranational institutions, such as the European Union, do not implement the necessary policies to deal with the consequences of globalization, which is both a source of wealth and inequality.

His second proposal is located in the Business field, in which he advocates business co-management. In his opinion, the workers of the companies must be an active part in the decision-making process and for this they must reformulate the corporate governance bodies, in the image and likeness of the Nordic models, which although they can be a good reference and example to continue, they can and should be improved.

The third of his proposals is perhaps the most controversial and the one that provokes major debates. Refers to the taxation and it can be summed up in three main ideas: first, suppress indirect taxation, except in those cases such as environmental taxation. Secondly, to introduce a progressive income tax that includes not only income from work, but all the income from capital, including real estate, and, above all, financial income. And, as a third major proposal, he proposes to completely rethink the estate tax and inheritance and donation taxes, establishing a mechanism for universal inheritance in order for capital to circulate, so that it is not always in the same hands, since in his opinion the concentration of capital is equivalent to concentration of power, and consequently, to an increase in inequality.

Your new job Capital and Ideology – with its approximately 1200 pages – it represents another great peak in the economic bibliography and is called to become one of the fundamental books in the study of inequality, while consolidating Piketty as one of the most significant voices of economic science. That's why we believe it can't be missing in your reading list for 2020. 😉



Source of the new